Highland Grow Switches from HPS to LED, Sees Faster Growth and Increased Bud Density
About Highland Grow
Highland Grow is a licensed cannabis producer in Nova Scotia, Canada. The company takes pride in being a Nova Scotian founded and operated company that produces top shelf flowers. Highland Grow is a subsidiary of Biome Grow, a start-up cannabis conglomerate. Highland Grow is the first of Biome’s four cannabis cultivators to receive its license. The indoor facility’s flowering rooms and mother room are lit exclusively by LumiGrow LEDs. The majority of their vegetative growth room is LumiGrow-lit.
“[Here at Biome] we’re cleantech renewable power specialists with a focus on the cannabis industry,” says Khurram Malik, Founder of Biome Grow, “We’re always looking to create more efficient facilities from an ecological standpoint, as well as an operational standpoint.”
Inconsistent Bud Density with HPS
When Highland Grow first started growing, they installed traditional high-pressure sodium (HPS) lights. They quickly ran into challenges in their growing rooms. The HPS fixtures frequently caused the rooms to overheat and dry out. As a result, the plants were not producing consistently dense buds. Frank MacMaster, President of Highland Grow, began to search for a lighting solution that would allow him to reach his quality goals.
Biome, Highland Grow’s parent company, has long been a proponent of LEDs, so it was natural for them to suggest LED horticultural lighting as a solution. Frank was initially skeptical of LEDs. In the past, he’d heard that the technology wasn’t suited for growing cannabis yet. When several growers that Frank trusts recommended LumiGrow, he started to seriously explore switching to LEDs. It soon became apparent that LEDs emit far less heat than HPS and draw 40% less energy. LumiGrow’s user-friendly smartPARTM Wireless Control System and attentive customer service quickly set them apart from the other major LED manufacturers.
“We really like LumiGrow’s software interface,” says Khurram, “You can start with a [high-quality LED] chip that comes from the same place, but what it boils down to at the end of the day is how it’s all integrated, and how robust and interactive the control system is. Our HVAC system is quite novel, so it was important to us to find the right LED manufacturer that has the automation, controls, and sensors to go with it.”
“Using smartPARTM to control the lights is just an incredible way to grow. We can see the differences as we move from spectral program to spectral program. The finished product is beautiful, dense, eye-appealing buds.” – Frank MacMaster, President of Highland Grow
Easy Trimming and Reduced Labor Costs
Highland Grow implemented LumiGrow fixtures with the LumiGrow smartPARTM Wireless Control System in their vegetative growth, flowering, and mother rooms. Frank has carefully performed his due diligence, meticulously testing the LumiGrow fixtures side by side with HPS before rolling out LEDs across each room.
For their first grow, Frank grew half of the flowering room under LumiGrow LEDs, with the other half under the HPS fixtures. He was pleased with how well the plants grew under the LEDs- the buds were substantially denser than the HPS-grown buds. Since strain selection is important, Frank proceeded to test a variety of strains under the LumiGrow lights. Each strain consistently produced dense, high-quality buds. Highland Grow is currently on its fourth grow under LEDs.
“[The LED-lit plants] start their pea bud sooner, and are usually ahead of HPS by a few days,” says Frank, “The plants lumber with the weight of the flower when grown under LED… [Once it’s dried] every bud that’s on there is a beautiful form and shape, with good density.”
Frank quickly switched the flowering room over to 100% LumiGrow LEDs. He is currently using three custom spectral programs for flowering. He starts with a lower-intensity program to ease the plants into the flowering stage and make any necessary environmental adjustments. After closely monitoring the plants for around 12 days, Frank applies the high-intensity flowering program that his plants will grow under for another 50 days. In the final few days of flower, Frank applies a finishing program with a high blue-to-red ratio to help the flowers retain more terpenes and THC.
“LEDs have come a long way. [In the early days], LED lights weren’t even able to put the bud where it needed to be,” says Frank, “Now we’re taking it a step further and using spectrum to exploit the finish and increase production, taste, and aroma. That’s the difference between HPS and LumiGrow LED lights. Instead of one spectrum of light that’s constant, you can adjust your spectrum to get the most out of your plants.”
Frank reports in addition to being attractive and high-quality, the LumiGrow-lit buds are easy to trim and that there is very little waste left over after trimming. Highland Grow also recently invested in a trimming machine to help them process higher volumes. Since the LumiGrow-lit buds are so dense, they are not damaged by the machine and require less processing time than a fluffier HPS-grown bud.
“The biggest difference is in flower. The LED-lit plants flower quicker, and grow more rapidly all the way through. They’re also more consistent- you can see the difference in the size and weight of the buds. The plants lumber with the weight of the flower when grown under LumiGrow LEDs.” – Frank MacMaster, President of Highland Grow
25% More Branches
Frank has tried growing his mother plants under several other types of light but has continually been dissatisfied with the results. His plants grew slowly under the T5 bulbs, so Frank switched to HPS. However, he found that the HPS fixtures created an uneven spread of heat, which resulted in uneven plant growth. In sharp contrast, Highland Grow’s mother plants are thriving under LumiGrow spectrum. The mother plants produce 20-25% more branches under LumiGrow spectrum than they did under HPS. This ensures that Highland Grow always have enough young clones on hand to cycle through the vegetative growth rooms.
“Once we switched to LED light in our mother room, we knew we wanted to keep it 100% LED,” says Frank, “It is the best change we made [in that room] so far.”
Faster Vegetative Growth
Highland Grow is currently fine-tuning their vegetative growth room’s spectral program, with the goal of shortening crop cycle and improving root growth. Frank has noticed that once the young plants establish themselves, the LED-lit plants tend to grow faster than their HPS-lit counterparts. He currently runs the lights for 20 hours, then lets the plants rest for 4 hours. The vegetative growth phase currently takes 3-4 weeks, depending on the strain. Frank is still learning how each strain responds to LumiGrow spectrum and is experimenting with using new spectral ratios to control plant morphology under LumiGrow’s guidance. Like other flowering plants, cannabis responds to red light by stretching more and responds to blue light by remaining more compact.
A Step Above the Rest
Thanks to Highland Grow’s success growing with their LumiGrow fixtures in Nova Scotia, their facility in Ontario is moving ahead with installing LumiGrow LEDs as their primary source of lighting.
Recently, Highland Grow started training employees from their Ontario facility on how to grow with LumiGrow LEDs. The goal is to prepare them for when they receive their cultivation license so that they can come to market with high-quality LED-grown flowers. All future Biome facilities in Canada and International markets will now employ LED lighting following this successful validation at the Highland Grow facility.
Frank is proud to be leading the way for LED-adoption in the cannabis industry.
“Not many [other licensed producers] coming online are growing under LED lights. They’re too nervous because a lot of LEDs on the market weren’t very effective until this [LumiGrow] light,” says Frank, “It says a lot about LumiGrow that [Biome and Highland Grow are] willing to move ahead with LEDs…. It seems like you’re a step above the rest. We’re with a good lighting company, and that’s where we need to be.”
- Problem. Inconsistent bud quality and density under HPS
- Solution. Installed LumiGrow fixtures with smartPARTM Wireless Control System across mother, vegetative growth, and flower rooms
- Results. 20-25% branching increase for mother plants; faster vegetative growth; increased bud density and flower quality throughout plant; reduced trimming time and labor costs for both hand-trimming and auto-trimmers; overall increases in operational efficiency and profit margin
About LumiGrow, Inc.
LumiGrow, Inc., the leader in smart horticultural lighting, empowers growers and scientists with the ability to improve plant growth, boost crop yields, and achieve cost-saving operational efficiencies. LumiGrow offers a range of proven grow light solutions for use in greenhouses, controlled environment agriculture, and research chambers. LumiGrow solutions are eligible for energy-efficiency subsidies from utilities across North America.
LumiGrow has the largest horticultural LED install-base in the United States, with installations in over 30 countries. Our customers range from top global agribusinesses, many of the world’s top 100 produce and flower growers, enterprise cannabis cultivators, leading universities, and the USDA. Headquartered in Emeryville, California, LumiGrow is privately owned and operated. For more information, call (800) 514-0487 or visit www.lumigrow.com.
LumiGrow is a registered trademark of LumiGrow, Inc. All other marks are the property of their respective owners.